Wikia

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Cite journal

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Template page

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{{

 {{#invoke:Namespace detect|main}}

| type = | image = 42px | imageright = | class = | style = | textstyle = | text = This template uses Module:Citation/CS1, a script written in the Lua programming language. Please see Wikipedia:Lua if you want to learn more about Lua or help convert other templates. This template renders much faster than before: see WP:Lua-based cite templates for details. | small = | smallimage = | smallimageright = | smalltext = | subst = | date = | name = }}

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for articles in magazines, journals, newsletters, and for academic papers.

If the work has any of the following identifiers, then one of these specific templates may be used:

UsageEdit this section

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.

Day Month Year

Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format
{{cite journal |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |year= |title= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |publisher= |doi= |url= |accessdate=15 October 2014}}

Month Day, Year

Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format
{{cite journal |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |year= |title= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |publisher= |doi= |url= |accessdate=October 15, 2014}}

Day Month Year for Vancouver system citations

Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format
{{cite journal |author= |year= |title= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |publisher= |doi= |pmid= |pmc= |url= |accessdate=15 October 2014}}

Month Day, Year for Vancouver system citations

Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format
{{cite journal |author= |year= |title= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |publisher= |doi= |pmid= |pmc= |url= |accessdate=October 15, 2014}}


Full parameter set in horizontal format
{{cite journal |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |year= |month= |title= |trans_title= |journal= |volume= |series= |issue= |page= |pages= |at= |chapter= |location= |publisher= |editor1-first= |editor1-last= |editor1-link= |language= |format= |type= |arxiv= |id= |isbn= |issn= |oclc= |pmid= |pmc= |bibcode= |doi= |accessdate= |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |layurl= |laysource= |laydate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= }}


Full parameter set in vertical format
Vertical list Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes
{{cite journal
 | last1 =
 | first1 =
 | authorlink1 =
 | last2 =
 | first2 =
 | authorlink2 =
 | editor-last =
 | editor-first =
 | editor-link =
 | date =
 | year =
 | month =
 | title =
 | trans_title =
 | journal =
 | volume =
 | issue =
 | series =
 | pages =
 | location =
 | publisher =
 | language =
 | format =
 | type =
 | arxiv =
 | id =
 | isbn =
 | issn =
 | oclc =
 | pmid =
 | pmc =
 | bibcode =
 | doi =
 | accessdate =
 | url =
 | archiveurl =
 | archivedate =
 | layurl =
 | laysource =
 | laydate =
 | quote =
 | ref =
 | separator =
 | postscript =
}}
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
url
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.


ExamplesEdit this section

Formal citation

  • {{cite journal |last=Smith |first=Joseph III |title=Last Testimony of Sister Emma |journal=The Saints' Herald |volume=26 |year=1879 |month=October |page=289}}
Smith, Joseph III (October 1879). "Last Testimony of Sister Emma". The Saints' Herald 26: 289.

Vancouver style (common in biomedicine); see Citation Style Vancouver for specific templates

  • {{cite journal |author=Bannen RM, Suresh V, Phillips GN Jr, Wright SJ, Mitchell JC |title=Optimal design of thermally stable proteins |journal=Bioinformatics |volume=24 |issue=20 |pages=2339–43 |year=2008 |pmid=18723523 |pmc=2562006 |doi=10.1093/bioinformatics/btn450 |url=http://bioinformatics.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/24/20/2339 }}
Bannen RM, Suresh V, Phillips GN Jr, Wright SJ, Mitchell JC (2008). "Optimal design of thermally stable proteins". Bioinformatics 24 (20): 2339–43. doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btn450. PMC 2562006. PMID 18723523. http://bioinformatics.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/24/20/2339.

Include URL link to free-article, pre-print or abstract; also supply access date unless the URL is known to be stable.

  • {{cite journal |journal=Energy Policy |year=2008 |volume=36 |issue=6 |pages=1858–1866 |title=Effect of daylight saving time on lighting energy use: a literature review |author=Aries, Myriam B. C.; and Newsham, Guy R. |doi=10.1016/j.enpol.2007.05.021 |url=http://www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/obj/irc/doc/pubs/nrcc49212/nrcc49212.pdf |format=PDF |accessdate=September 1, 2009 }}
Aries, Myriam B. C.; and Newsham, Guy R. (2008). "Effect of daylight saving time on lighting energy use: a literature review" (PDF). Energy Policy 36 (6): 1858–1866. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2007.05.021. http://www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/obj/irc/doc/pubs/nrcc49212/nrcc49212.pdf. Retrieved September 1, 2009.

Specify the DOI to provide a permanent link. Also give the PMID abstract for medical articles, and the URL if the article is free. PubMed Central free full-text repository links may also be supplied and will link the title if URL not specified, else as additional linked PMC value at the end of the citation

  • {{cite journal |author=Viollet, Benoît; Andreelli, Fabrizio; Jørgensen, Sebastian B.; et al. |title=The AMP-activated protein kinase alpha2 catalytic subunit controls whole-body insulin sensitivity |journal=The Journal of Clinical Investigation |volume=111 |issue=1 |pages=91–8 |year=2003 |month=January |pmid=12511592 |pmc=151837 |doi=10.1172/JCI16567 |url=http://www.jci.org/articles/view/16567 }}
Viollet, Benoît; Andreelli, Fabrizio; Jørgensen, Sebastian B.; et al. (January 2003). "The AMP-activated protein kinase alpha2 catalytic subunit controls whole-body insulin sensitivity". The Journal of Clinical Investigation 111 (1): 91–8. doi:10.1172/JCI16567. PMC 151837. PMID 12511592. http://www.jci.org/articles/view/16567.

Whereas if the url had not been specified, then the title is linked to PubMed Central's copy of the article and no duplicate PMC link is shown for compactness:

  • {{cite journal |author=Viollet, Benoît; Andreelli, Fabrizio; Jørgensen, Sebastian B.; et al. |title=The AMP-activated protein kinase alpha2 catalytic subunit controls whole-body insulin sensitivity |journal=The Journal of Clinical Investigation |volume=111 |issue=1 |pages=91–8 |year=2003 |month=January |pmid=12511592 |pmc=151837 |doi=10.1172/JCI16567 }}
Viollet, Benoît; Andreelli, Fabrizio; Jørgensen, Sebastian B.; et al. (January 2003). "The AMP-activated protein kinase alpha2 catalytic subunit controls whole-body insulin sensitivity". The Journal of Clinical Investigation 111 (1): 91–8. doi:10.1172/JCI16567. PMC 151837. PMID 12511592. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=151837.

If the doi link is broken, then use of doi_brokendate unlinks the doi value, indicates when the doi-problem was first noticed, and will also add the page to "Category:Pages with DOIs broken since YYYY":

  • {{cite journal |author=Viollet, Benoît; Andreelli, Fabrizio; Jørgensen, Sebastian B.; et al. |title=The AMP-activated protein kinase alpha2 catalytic subunit controls whole-body insulin sensitivity |journal=The Journal of Clinical Investigation |volume=111 |issue=1 |pages=91–8 |year=2003 |month=January |pmid=12511592 |pmc=151837 |doi=10.1172/JCI16567 |doi_brokendate=June 18, 2008 }}
Viollet, Benoît; Andreelli, Fabrizio; Jørgensen, Sebastian B.; et al. (January 2003). "The AMP-activated protein kinase alpha2 catalytic subunit controls whole-body insulin sensitivity". The Journal of Clinical Investigation 111 (1): 91–8. doi:10.1172/JCI16567 (inactive June 18, 2008). PMC 151837. PMID 12511592. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=151837.

If the article is in a foreign language, and the original title is unknown

  • {{cite journal |author=Huang, Y.; Lu, J.; Shen, Y.; and Lu, J. |trans_title=The protective effects of total flavonoids from ''Lycium barbarum'' L. on lipid peroxidation of liver mitochondria and red blood cell in rats |language=Chinese |journal=Wei Sheng Yan Jiu |volume=28 |issue=2 |pages=115–6 |year=1999 |month=March |pmid=11938998 }}
Huang, Y.; Lu, J.; Shen, Y.; and Lu, J. (March 1999). "[The protective effects of total flavonoids from Lycium barbarum L. on lipid peroxidation of liver mitochondria and red blood cell in rats]" (in Chinese). Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 28 (2): 115–6. PMID 11938998.

Other examples

  • {{cite journal |last=Fowler |first=Martin |authorlink=Martin Fowler |last2=Beck |first2=Kent |authorlink2=Kent Beck |title=Last Testimony of Sister Emma |journal=The Saints' Herald |volume=26 |year=1879 |month=October |page=289}}
Fowler, Martin; Beck, Kent (October 1879). "Last Testimony of Sister Emma". The Saints' Herald 26: 289.
  • {{cite journal |first=W. Hugh |last=Woodin |title=The Continuum Hypothesis, Part I |journal=Notices of the AMS |volume=48 |issue=6 |year=2001 |pages=567–576 |location=Providence, RI, USA |publisher=American Mathematical Society |url=http://www.ams.org/notices/200106/fea-woodin.pdf |format=PDF |issn=1088-9477 |oclc=34550461}}
Woodin, W. Hugh (2001). "The Continuum Hypothesis, Part I" (PDF). Notices of the AMS (Providence, RI, USA: American Mathematical Society) 48 (6): 567–576. ISSN 1088–9477. OCLC 34550461. http://www.ams.org/notices/200106/fea-woodin.pdf.
  • {{cite journal |title=Disney Releases 10 Titles on Laser Videodisc |year=1982 |journal=Videodisc/Videotex |volume=2 |issue=3 |page=175}}
"Disney Releases 10 Titles on Laser Videodisc". Videodisc/Videotex 2 (3): 175. 1982.

ParametersEdit this section

SyntaxEdit this section

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata; see Wikipedia:COinS.

  • Be careful using templates within the citation template, as many will add a lot of extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the meta-data.
    • Known templates that should not be used: {{smallcaps}} .

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.); this can be an issue when the last field in an abbreviation or initial with a period, as two periods then display. The only solution is to not include the last period in the value for the set of fields.

DeprecatedEdit this section

These parameters are deprecated and will no longer work. Use will place the page in Category:Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters.

  • access-date · accessed · accessdaymonth · accessday · accessmonthday · accessmonth · accessyear: Use accessdate to include the full date of access.
  • day: Use date to include the day, month and year.
  • dateformat · doilabel: These parameters are no longer supported.

DescriptionEdit this section

AuthorsEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_author" />last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last1, author, authors, author1.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first1.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through last9, first9 for up to nine authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author; see the display parameters to change. Aliases: author1 through author9.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink1, author-link, author1-link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlink9. Aliases: author1-link through author9-link.
  • coauthors: (deprecated) Names of coauthors. Use the same format as the authors.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as Illustrated by John Smith or Translated by John Smith.
When using Shortened footnotes or Parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field else the anchor will not match the inline link.

TitleEdit this section

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • trans_title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans_title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; &#124;
  • When the title you are citing contains quotations marks or apostrophes at the beginning, end or both, you can use &thinsp; to place a separation between that punctuation and the quotation marks this template automatically provides around the title, to avoid a non-ideal display such as '''.
  • For example instead of title='name' which will display on many browsers with the quotation marks surrounding it as '''name''', use |title=&thinsp;'name'&thinsp;, which will display as " 'name' ".
  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name; do not use icons or templates.

PeriodicalEdit this section

  • work: Name of the source periodical; may be wikilinked if relevant. Displays in italics. Aliases: journal, newspaper, magazine, periodical.
    • issue: When the publication is one of a series that is published periodically.
    • department: Regular department within the periodical. Displays after title and is in plain text.
When set, work changes the formatting of other parameters:
title is not italicized and is enclosed in quotes.
chapter is italicized and is not enclosed in quotes.
location and publisher are enclosed in parentheses.
page and pages do not show p. or pp.
edition does not display.
type does not display.

DateEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_date" />date: Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • <span id="csdoc_year" />OR: year: Year of source being referenced.
    • <span id="csdoc_month" />month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead; do not wikilink.
    • <span id="csdoc_origyear" />origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics; example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.

ReferencesEdit this section

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named date



PublisherEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_publisher" />publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. Not normally included for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher is enclosed in parentheses.
  • <span id="csdoc_location" /><span id="csdoc_place" />place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • <span id="csdoc_publication-place" />publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • <span id="csdoc_publication-date" />publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

Edition, series, volumeEdit this section

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised" etc. Displays " ed." after this field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.
  • <span id="csdoc_volume" />volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays after the title and series fields; displays in bold— if bolding is not desired, then include the volume information in the title field.

In-source locationsEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_page" />page: Page in the source that supports the content. Displays preceded with p. unless |nopp=y or work is defined.
  • <span id="csdoc_pages" />OR: pages: Pages in the source that supports the content; separate page ranges with an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded with pp. unless |nopp=y or work is defined.
    • <span id="csdoc_nopp" />nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • <span id="csdoc_at" />OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URLEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_url" />url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Do not link to any commercial booksellers such as Amazon.com; see WP:PAGELINKS.If url is not defined but pmc is, then url is set to the pmc link.
    • <span id="csdoc_Embargo" />Embargo: Date that pmc goes live; if this is in the future, then then url is not set to the pmc link until that date.
    • <span id="csdoc_accessdate" />accessdate: Full date when original URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations;[1] do not wikilink. Not required for web pages or linked documents that do not change; mainly of use for web pages that change frequently or have no publication date. Can be hidden or styled by registered editors.
    • <span id="csdoc_archiveurl" />archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and the Internet Archive (see Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archivedate.
      • <span id="csdoc_archivedate" />archivedate: Date when the original URL was archived; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations;[1] do not wikilink. Displays preceded by "archived from the original on".
      • <span id="csdoc_deadurl" />deadurl: When the URL is still live, but preemptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • <span id="csdoc_template doc demo" />template doc demo: The archive parameters have error checking to ensure that all the required parameters are included, else {{citation error}} is invoked. On errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • <span id="csdoc_format" />format: Format of the work referred to by url; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; HTML is implied and should not be specified; displayed in parentheses after title. Does not change external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text, thus they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme: http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; irc://, ircs://, ftp://, news:, mailto: and gopher:// will require a plugin or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters they will display and link incorrectly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace these characters:
sp " ' < > [ ] | }
 %20  %22  %27  %3c  %3e  %5b  %5d  %7c  %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; but unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; but an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.

ReferencesEdit this section

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named date



AnchorEdit this section

IdentifiersEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_id" />id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier.

QuoteEdit this section

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.

EditorsEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_editors" />editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor1-last, editor, editors.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editor4-last, editor4-first for up to four editors.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editor4-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the editors and the included work, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; more than three editors will be followed by "et al., eds."

LaysummaryEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_lay" />layurl: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary". Aliases: laysummary.
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.

Display optionsEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_display" /><span id="csdoc_author-mask" />author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • <span id="csdoc_author-name-separator" />author-name-separator: Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • <span id="csdoc_author-separator" />author-separator: Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • <span id="csdoc_display-authors" /><span id="csdoc_displayauthors" />display-authors: By default, the number of authors displayed is limited to 8; if 9 are provided, the ninth is displayed as "et al." This parameter allows display of fewer authors before the "et al."; for example, use |display-authors=2 for only two authors. The "et al." may be suppressed altogether by setting |display-authors=9. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • <span id="csdoc_lastauthoramp" />lastauthoramp: When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ).
  • <span id="csdoc_postscript" />postscript: The closing punctuation for the citation; defaults to a period(.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • <span id="csdoc_separator" />separator: The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.

NotesEdit this section

Although it may appear redundant to include multiple ids for articles, it is helpful for many editors who only have access to a certain resource. If only one ID is to be included, the DOI should be used, as this is the universal standard preferred by professional publications. Specifying a link as a doi, pmid etc. is always preferable to including it as a url parameter, as it makes it clear that the link is accurate and stable, but not necessarily openly accessible.

Template dataEdit this section

This is the TemplateData documentation for the template used by the new VisualEditor.

Cite journal <TemplateData> {

       "description": "This template formats a citation to an article in a magazine or journal, using the provided source information (e.g. journal name, author, title, issue, URL) and various formatting options.",
       "params": {
               "url": {
                       "label": "URL",
                       "description": "The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "title": {
                       "label": "Source title",
                       "description": "The title of the source page on the website; displays in quotes",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": true
               },
               "last": {
                       "label": "Last name",
                       "description": "The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors",
                       "type": "string/line",
                       "required": false
               },
               "first": {
                       "label": "First name",
                       "description": "Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors",
                       "type": "string/line",
                       "required": false
               },
               "date": {
                       "label": "Source date",
                       "description": "Full date of the source; do not wikilink",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": true
               },
               "journal": {
                       "label": "Journal",
                       "description": "Name of the source journal; may be wikilinked; displays in italics; alias of 'work'",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "publisher": {
                       "label": "Publisher",
                       "description": "Name of the publisher; displays after title",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "accessdate": {
                       "label": "URL access date",
                       "description": "The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "issue": {
                       "label": "Issue",
                       "description": "",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "doi": {
                       "label": "DOI",
                       "description": "Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "doi_brokendate": {
                       "label": "DOI broken date",
                       "description": "The date that the DOI was determined to be broken",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "authorlink": {
                       "label": "Author link",
                       "description": "Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors",
                       "type": "string/wiki-page-name",
                       "required": false
               },
               "others": {
                       "label": "Others",
                       "description": "Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "month": {
                       "label": "Month of publication",
                       "description": "Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "year": {
                       "label": "Year of publication",
                       "description": "Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "origyear": {
                       "label": "Original year",
                       "description": "Original year of publication; provide specifics",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "editor-last": {
                       "label": "Editor last name",
                       "description": "The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'",
                       "type": "string/line",
                       "required": false
               },
               "editor-first": {
                       "label": "Editor first name",
                       "description": "Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'",
                       "type": "string/line",
                       "required": false
               },
               "editor-link": {
                       "label": "Editor link",
                       "description": "Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link'",
                       "type": "string/wiki-page-name",
                       "required": false
               },
               "series": {
                       "label": "Series",
                       "description": "Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal; alias of 'version'",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "issue": {
                       "label": "Issue",
                       "description": "Issue identifier when the source is part of a series that is published periodically",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "department": {
                       "label": "Department",
                       "description": "Department within the periodical",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "location": {
                       "label": "Location of publication",
                       "description": "Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "publication-place": {
                       "label": "Place of publication",
                       "description": "Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "publication-date": {
                       "label": "Publication date",
                       "description": "Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "edition": {
                       "label": "Edition",
                       "description": "When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "volume": {
                       "label": "Volume",
                       "description": "For one publication published in several volumes",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "page": {
                       "label": "Page",
                       "description": "Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "pages": {
                       "label": "Pages",
                       "description": "Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "nopp": {
                       "label": "No pp",
                       "description": "Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "at": {
                       "label": "At",
                       "description": "May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "language": {
                       "label": "Language",
                       "description": "The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "trans_title": {
                       "label": "Translated title",
                       "description": "An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "type": {
                       "label": "Type",
                       "description": "Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "format": {
                       "label": "Format",
                       "description": "Format of the work referred to by 'url' ('url' is required when using 'format'); examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "arxiv": {
                       "label": "arXiv identifier",
                       "description": "An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "asin": {
                       "label": "AZIN",
                       "description": "Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "asin-tld": {
                       "label": "AZIN TLD",
                       "description": "ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "bibcode": {
                       "label": "Bibcode",
                       "description": "Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "isbn": {
                       "label": "ISBN",
                       "description": "International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "issn": {
                       "label": "ISSN",
                       "description": "International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "jfm": {
                       "label": "jfm code",
                       "description": "Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "jstor": {
                       "label": "JSTOR",
                       "description": "JSTOR identifier",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "lccn": {
                       "label": "LCCN",
                       "description": "Library of Congress Control Number",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "mr": {
                       "label": "MR",
                       "description": "Mathematical Reviews identifier",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "oclc": {
                       "label": "OCLC",
                       "description": "Online Computer Library Center number",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "ol": {
                       "label": "OL",
                       "description": "Open Library identifier",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "osti": {
                       "label": "OSTI",
                       "description": "Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "pmc": {
                       "label": "PMC",
                       "description": "PubMed Center article number",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "pmid": {
                       "label": "PMID",
                       "description": "PubMed Unique Identifier",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "rfc": {
                       "label": "RFC",
                       "description": "Request for Comments number",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "ssrn": {
                       "label": "SSRN",
                       "description": "Social Science Research Network",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "zbl": {
                       "label": "Zbl",
                       "description": "Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "id": {
                       "label": "id",
                       "description": "A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "archiveurl": {
                       "label": "Archive URL",
                       "description": "The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "archivedate": {
                       "label": "Archive date",
                       "description": "Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "deadurl": {
                       "label": "Dead URL",
                       "description": "If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "quote": {
                       "label": "Quote",
                       "description": "Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "ref": {
                       "label": "Ref",
                       "description": "An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "separator": {
                       "label": "Separator",
                       "description": "The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as   do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark",
                       "type": "string",
                       "default": ".",
                       "required": false
               },
               "postscript": {
                       "label": "Postscript",
                       "description": "The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined",
                       "type": "string",
                       "default": ".",
                       "required": false
               },
               "layurl": {
                       "label": "Lay URL",
                       "description": "URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "laysource": {
                       "label": "Lay source",
                       "description": "Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "laydate": {
                       "label": "Lay date",
                       "description": "Date of the summary; displays in parentheses",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "author-mask": {
                       "label": "Author mask",
                       "description": "Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               },
               "author-name-separator": {
                       "label": "Author name separator",
                       "description": "Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as   do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark",
                       "type": "string",
                       "default": ", ",
                       "required": false
               },
               "author-separator": {
                       "label": "Author separator",
                       "description": "Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as   do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark",
                       "type": "string",
                       "default": "; ",
                       "required": false
               },
               "display-authors": {
                       "label": "Display authors",
                       "description": "number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed; alias of 'displayauthors'",
                       "type": "number",
                       "default": "8",
                       "required": false
               },
               "lastauthoramp": {
                       "label": "Last author ampersand",
                       "description": "When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'",
                       "type": "string",
                       "required": false
               }
       }

} </TemplateData>

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