Wikia

 <math>\begin{align}   & \left\{ \begin{align}   & m{\alpha }'\tau \hbar \varepsilon \mu \alpha \mathbf{T}ic\varsigma  \\   & \text{      }\And  \\   & \text{  }\mathsf{\mathcal{P}}\pi y\sigma \mathbf{I}\subset \mathbf{S} \\  \end{align} \right\} \\   & \text{    }Wikia \\  \end{align}</math>

Cite book

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{{

 {{#invoke:Namespace detect|main}}

| type = | image = 42px | imageright = | class = | style = | textstyle = | text = This template uses Module:Citation/CS1, a script written in the Lua programming language. Please see Wikipedia:Lua if you want to learn more about Lua or help convert other templates. This template renders much faster than before: see WP:Lua-based cite templates for details. | small = | smallimage = | smallimageright = | smalltext = | subst = | date = | name = }}


Citation Style 1 templates
Some attributes
First Unknown
Second Unknown
Third Unknown
Other attributes

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for books. When citing an article in a periodical, use {{cite journal}} . For edited collections, use {{cite encyclopedia}} .

UsageEdit this section

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.


Full parameter set in horizontal format
{{cite book |last1= |first1= |authorlink1= |last2= |first2= |authorlink2= |editor1-first= |editor1-last= |editor1-link= |others= |title= |trans_title= |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |format= |accessdate= |type= |edition= |series= |volume= |date= |year= |month= |origyear= |publisher= |location= |language= |isbn= |oclc= |doi= |id= |page= |pages= |at= |trans_chapter= |chapter= |chapterurl= |quote= |ref= |bibcode= |layurl= |laysource= |laydate= |author-mask= |author-name-separator= |author-separator= |display-authors= |separator= |postscript= |lastauthoramp=}}
Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format
{{cite book |last= |first= |authorlink= |title= |url= |accessdate= |year= |publisher= |location= |isbn= |page=}}
Full parameter set in vertical format
Vertical list Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes
{{cite book
| last                  = 
| first                 = 
| authorlink            = 
| last1                 = 
| first1                = 
| authorlink1           = 
| editor1-last          = 
| editor1-first         = 
| editor1-link          = 
| others                = 
| title                 = 
| trans_title           = 
| url                   = 
| archiveurl            = 
| archivedate           = 
| format                = 
| accessdate            = 
| type                  = 
| edition               = 
| series                = 
| volume                = 
| date                  = 
| origyear              = 
| year                  = 
| month                 = 
| publisher             = 
| location              = 
| language              = 
| isbn                  = 
| oclc                  = 
| lccn                  = 
| doi                   = 
| bibcode               = 
| id                    = 
| page                  = 
| pages                 = 
| nopp                  = 
| at                    = 
| chapter               = 
| trans_chapter         = 
| chapterurl            = 
| quote                 = 
| ref                   = 
| layurl                = 
| laysource=            = 
| laydate               = 
| author-mask           = 
| author-name-separator = 
| author-separator      = 
| display-authors       = 
| separator             = 
| postscript            = 
| lastauthoramp         = 
}}
 
 
last
last
 
 
 
 
editor1-last
editor1-last
 
 
 
 
archivedate
archiveurl
url
url
 
 
 
 
 
year or date
 
year
 
publisher
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
page or pages
 
 
 
chapter
 
 
 
layurl
layurl
 
 
 
 
 
 
lastn for n>1
 
 
 
 
 
increment as needed
increment as needed
increment as needed
increment as needed
increment as needed
increment as needed
 
 
 
insert URL of online version of the book or an extract, if available
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
†preferred (do not wikilink)
 
alternative to date
 
 
 
 
always include ISBN if one has been assigned
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
hides automatic 'p' or 'pp'.
alternative to page/pages when those are used with nopp
 
 
do not wikilink |chapter if |chapterurl provided
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

† This is the preferred parameter with its alternates listed below.

ExamplesEdit this section

Title

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious book}}
Mysterious Book.

Title and year

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious book |year=1901}}
Mysterious Book. 1901.

Basic usage (single author)

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |year=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs.

Basic usage (two authors)

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Bloggs |first2=Fred |authorlink2=Fred Bloggs |year=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}:
Bloggs, Joe; Bloggs, Fred (1974). Book of Bloggs.

Basic usage with url (and accessdate) and edition

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |year=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs |edition=1st |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |accessdate=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs (1st ed.). http://en.wikipedia.org/. Retrieved February 17, 2006.

Citing a chapter in a book with different authors for different chapters and an editor

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Fred |editor-first=John |editor-last=Doe |title=Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7}}
Bloggs, Fred (January 1, 2001). "Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family". In Doe, John. Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 978-1-234-56789-7.

Citing a chapter in a book with two joint authors and an editor

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |last2=Egg |first2=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |origyear=1st. Pub. 1986 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 6: Getting There |chapterurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Bloggs, Joe & Egg, Fred (January 1, 2001) [1st. Pub. 1986]. "Chapter 6: Getting There". In Doe, John. Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 978-1-234-56789-7. http://en.wikipedia.org/.

Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |first2=John |last2=Smith |first3=Jim |last3=Smythe |title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] |edition=2nd}}
Bloggs, Joe; Smith, John; Smythe, Jim. 1000 Acres (2nd ed.).

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (without volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |first2=Commander G.M.S |last2=Stitt |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last3=Molony |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |last4=Toomer |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-last=Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2007 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C.; Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M. ed. Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (with volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |first2=Commander G.M.S |last2=Stitt |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last3=Molony |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |last4=Toomer |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-last=Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East |volume=Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2007 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M. ed. Mediterranean and Middle East. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.

Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, pages, edition, location

  • {{cite book |last1=Cordell |first1=Bruce R. |last2=Grubb |first2=Jeff |last3=Noonan |first3=David |year=2001 |month=September |title=[[Manual of the Planes]] |edition=3rd |publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] |location=Renton, Wash. |isbn=0-7869-1850-0 |pages=134–137}}
Cordell, Bruce R.; Grubb, Jeff; Noonan, David (September 2001). Manual of the Planes (3rd ed.). Renton, Wash.: Wizards of the Coast. pp. 134–137. ISBN 0-7869-1850-0.

Other language

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Jean |year=1974 |title=Livre de Bloggs |edition=1st |language=French |trans_title=Book of Bloggs |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |accessdate=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Jean (1974) (in French). Livre de Bloggs [Book of Bloggs] (1st ed.). http://en.wikipedia.org/. Retrieved February 17, 2006.

Using a DOI

  • {{cite book |last=Mumford |first=David |authorlink=David Mumford |year=1999 |title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians |edition=2nd |publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] |doi=10.1007/b62130 |isbn=354063293X}}
Mumford, David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians (2nd ed.). Springer-Verlag. doi:10.1007/b62130. ISBN 354063293X.

Using author-mask parameter

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans come to the help of their Ally (1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1956 |isbn=1-845740-66-1 |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Gleave |first4=Group Captain T.P. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=Sir James |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes reach their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1960 |isbn=1-845740-67-X |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M. ed. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.
Template:Loop; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1956]. Butler, J.R.M. ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-66-1.
Template:Loop; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1960]. Butler, Sir James. ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-67-X.

Using display-authors parameter

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |display-authors=1}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O. et al. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M. ed. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.

ParametersEdit this section

SyntaxEdit this section

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata; see Wikipedia:COinS.

  • Be careful using templates within the citation template, as many will add a lot of extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the meta-data.
    • Known templates that should not be used: {{smallcaps}} .

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.); this can be an issue when the last field in an abbreviation or initial with a period, as two periods then display. The only solution is to not include the last period in the value for the set of fields.

DeprecatedEdit this section

These parameters are deprecated and will no longer work. Use will place the page in Category:Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters.

  • access-date · accessed · accessdaymonth · accessday · accessmonthday · accessmonth · accessyear: Use accessdate to include the full date of access.
  • day: Use date to include the day, month and year.
  • dateformat · doilabel: These parameters are no longer supported.

DescriptionEdit this section

AuthorsEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_author" />last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last1, author, authors, author1.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first1.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author; see the display parameters to change. Aliases: author1 through authorn.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink1, author-link, author1-link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlinkn. Aliases: author1-link through authorn-link.
  • coauthors: (deprecated) Names of coauthors. Use the same format as the authors.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as Illustrated by John Smith or Translated by John Smith.
When using Shortened footnotes or Parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field else the anchor will not match the inline link.

TitleEdit this section

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics.
    • trans_title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans_title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; &#124;


  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release.
  • chapter: The chapter heading of the source. May be wikilinked or may use chapter-url, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • trans_chapter: English translation of the chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after the chapter field; if chapter-url is defined, then trans_chapter is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name; do not use icons or templates.

DateEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_date" />date: Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • <span id="csdoc_year" />OR: year: Year of source being referenced.
    • <span id="csdoc_month" />month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead; do not wikilink.
    • <span id="csdoc_origyear" />origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics; example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.

ReferencesEdit this section

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named date



PublisherEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_publisher" />publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. Not normally included for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher is enclosed in parentheses.
  • <span id="csdoc_location" /><span id="csdoc_place" />place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • <span id="csdoc_publication-place" />publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • <span id="csdoc_publication-date" />publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

Edition, series, volumeEdit this section

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised" etc. Displays " ed." after this field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.
  • <span id="csdoc_volume" />volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays after the title and series fields; volumes of four characters or less display in bold.

In-source locationsEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_page" />page: Page in the source that supports the content. Displays preceded with p. unless |nopp=y.
  • <span id="csdoc_pages" />OR: pages: Pages in the source that supports the content; separate page ranges with an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded with pp. unless |nopp=y.
    • <span id="csdoc_nopp" />nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • <span id="csdoc_at" />OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URLEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_url" />url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Do not link to any commercial booksellers such as Amazon.com; see WP:PAGELINKS.
    • <span id="csdoc_accessdate" />accessdate: Full date when original URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations;[1] do not wikilink. Not required for web pages or linked documents that do not change; mainly of use for web pages that change frequently or have no publication date. Can be hidden or styled by registered editors.
    • <span id="csdoc_archiveurl" />archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and the Internet Archive (see Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archivedate.
      • <span id="csdoc_archivedate" />archivedate: Date when the original URL was archived; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations;[1] do not wikilink. Displays preceded by "archived from the original on".
      • <span id="csdoc_deadurl" />deadurl: When the URL is still live, but preemptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • <span id="csdoc_template doc demo" />template doc demo: The archive parameters have error checking to ensure that all the required parameters are included, else {{citation error}} is invoked. On errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • <span id="csdoc_format" />format: Format of the work referred to by url; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; HTML is implied and should not be specified; displayed in parentheses after title. Does not change external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text, thus they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme: http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; irc://, ircs://, ftp://, news:, mailto: and gopher:// will require a plugin or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters they will display and link incorrectly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace these characters:
sp " ' < > [ ] | }
 %20  %22  %27  %3c  %3e  %5b  %5d  %7c  %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; but unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; but an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.

ReferencesEdit this section

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named date



AnchorEdit this section

IdentifiersEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_id" />id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier.

QuoteEdit this section

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.

EditorsEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_editors" />editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor1-last, editor, editors, editorn.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editorn-last, editorn-first.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editorn-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; exactly four editors will show three editors followed by "et al., eds."

LaysummaryEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_lay" />layurl: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary". Aliases: laysummary.
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.

Display optionsEdit this section

  • <span id="csdoc_display" /><span id="csdoc_author-mask" />author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • <span id="csdoc_author-name-separator" />author-name-separator: Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.
  • <span id="csdoc_author-separator" />author-separator: Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.
  • <span id="csdoc_display-authors" /><span id="csdoc_displayauthors" />display-authors: By default, all authors are shown unless there are nine, then the author list is truncated to eight authors and followed by "et al." This mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. To change the displayed number of authors, set display-authors to the desired number. Where there are nine authors, set |display-authors=9 to show all authors. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • <span id="csdoc_display-editors" /><span id="csdoc_displayeditors" />display-editors: By default, all editors are shown unless there are four, then the editor list is truncated to four editors and followed by "et al." This mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. Where there are four editors, set |display-editors=4 to show all editors. Aliases: displayeditors.
  • <span id="csdoc_lastauthoramp" />lastauthoramp: When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ).
  • <span id="csdoc_postscript" />postscript: The closing punctuation for the citation; defaults to a period(.); for no terminating punctuation, specify |postscript=none – leaving |postscript= empty has the same effect but is ambiguous. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • <span id="csdoc_separator" />separator: The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.

TestingEdit this section

See Template:cite book/regression tests.

Template dataEdit this section

This is the TemplateData documentation for the template used by the new VisualEditor.

Cite book <templatedata> {

   "description": "This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.",
   "params": {
       "url": {
           "label": "URL",
           "description": "The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "title": {
           "label": "Source title",
           "description": "The title of the source page on the website; displays in quotes",
           "type": "string",
           "required": true
       },
       "last": {
           "label": "Last name",
           "description": "The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors",
           "type": "string/line"
       },
       "first": {
           "label": "First name",
           "description": "Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors",
           "type": "string/line"
       },
       "date": {
           "label": "Source date",
           "description": "Full date of the source; do not wikilink",
           "type": "string",
           "required": true
       },
       "work": {
           "label": "Work",
           "description": "Name of the work in which the cited book text is found",
           "type": "string",
           "required": true
       },
       "publisher": {
           "label": "Publisher",
           "description": "Name of the publisher; displays after title",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "accessdate": {
           "label": "URL access date",
           "description": "The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "authorlink": {
           "label": "Author link",
           "description": "Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors",
           "type": "string/wiki-page-name"
       },
       "others": {
           "label": "Others",
           "description": "Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "month": {
           "label": "Month of publication",
           "description": "Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "year": {
           "label": "Year of publication",
           "description": "Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "origyear": {
           "label": "Original year",
           "description": "Original year of publication; provide specifics",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "isbn": {
           "label": "ISBN",
           "description": "International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "editor-last": {
           "label": "Editor last name",
           "description": "The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'",
           "type": "string/line"
       },
       "editor-first": {
           "label": "Editor first name",
           "description": "Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'",
           "type": "string/line"
       },
       "editor-link": {
           "label": "Editor link",
           "description": "Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link'",
           "type": "string/wiki-page-name"
       },
       "edition": {
           "label": "Edition",
           "description": "When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.'",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "series": {
           "label": "Series identifier",
           "description": "Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal; alias of 'version'",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "volume": {
           "label": "Volume",
           "description": "For one publication published in several volumes",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "location": {
           "label": "Location of publication",
           "description": "Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "publication-place": {
           "label": "Place of publication",
           "description": "Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "publication-date": {
           "label": "Publication date",
           "description": "Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "page": {
           "label": "Page",
           "description": "Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "pages": {
           "label": "Pages",
           "description": "Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "nopp": {
           "label": "No pp",
           "description": "Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "at": {
           "label": "At",
           "description": "May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "language": {
           "label": "Language",
           "description": "The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "trans_title": {
           "label": "Translated title",
           "description": "An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "chapter": {
           "label": "Chapter",
           "description": "The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "trans_chapter": {
           "label": "Translated chapter",
           "description": "An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "chapterurl": {
           "label": "Chapter URL",
           "description": "The URL of the online location where the text of the chapter can be found; alias of 'chapter-url'",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "type": {
           "label": "Type",
           "description": "Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "format": {
           "label": "Format",
           "description": "Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "arxiv": {
           "label": "arXiv identifier",
           "description": "An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "asin": {
           "label": "ASIN",
           "description": "Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "asin-tld": {
           "label": "ASIN TLD",
           "description": "ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "bibcode": {
           "label": "Bibcode",
           "description": "Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "doi": {
           "label": "DOI",
           "description": "Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "doi_brokendate": {
           "label": "DOI broken date",
           "description": "The date that the DOI was determined to be broken",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "issn": {
           "label": "ISSN",
           "description": "International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "jfm": {
           "label": "jfm code",
           "description": "Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "jstor": {
           "label": "JSTOR",
           "description": "JSTOR identifier",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "lccn": {
           "label": "LCCN",
           "description": "Library of Congress Control Number",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "mr": {
           "label": "MR",
           "description": "Mathematical Reviews identifier",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "oclc": {
           "label": "OCLC",
           "description": "Online Computer Library Center number",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "ol": {
           "label": "OL",
           "description": "Open Library identifier",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "osti": {
           "label": "OSTI",
           "description": "Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "pmc": {
           "label": "PMC",
           "description": "PubMed Center article number",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "pmid": {
           "label": "PMID",
           "description": "PubMed Unique Identifier",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "rfc": {
           "label": "RFC",
           "description": "Request for Comments number",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "ssrn": {
           "label": "SSRN",
           "description": "Social Science Research Network",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "zbl": {
           "label": "Zbl",
           "description": "Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "id": {
           "label": "id",
           "description": "A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "archiveurl": {
           "label": "Archive URL",
           "description": "The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "archivedate": {
           "label": "Archive date",
           "description": "Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "deadurl": {
           "label": "Dead URL",
           "description": "If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "quote": {
           "label": "Quote",
           "description": "Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "ref": {
           "label": "Ref",
           "description": "An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "separator": {
           "label": "Separator",
           "description": "The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as   do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark",
           "type": "string",
           "default": "."
       },
       "postscript": {
           "label": "Postscript",
           "description": "The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined",
           "type": "string",
           "default": "."
       },
       "layurl": {
           "label": "Lay URL",
           "description": "URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "laysource": {
           "label": "Lay source",
           "description": "Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "laydate": {
           "label": "Lay date",
           "description": "Date of the summary; displays in parentheses",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "author-mask": {
           "label": "Author mask",
           "description": "Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead",
           "type": "string"
       },
       "author-name-separator": {
           "label": "Author name separator",
           "description": "Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as   do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark",
           "type": "string",
           "default": ", "
       },
       "author-separator": {
           "label": "Author separator",
           "description": "Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as   do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark",
           "type": "string",
           "default": "; "
       },
       "display-authors": {
           "label": "Display authors",
           "description": "number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed; alias of 'displayauthors'",
           "type": "number",
           "default": "8"
       },
       "lastauthoramp": {
           "label": "Last author ampersand",
           "description": "When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'",
           "type": "string"
       }
   }

} </templatedata>

See alsoEdit this section

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This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.

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